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Right to Education

The Constitution (Eighty-sixth Amendment) Act, 2002 inserted Article 21-A in the Constitution of India to provide free and compulsory education of all children in the age group of six to fourteen years as a Fundamental Right in such a manner as the State may, by law, determine. The Right of Children to Free and Compulsory Education (RTE) Act, 2009, which represents the consequential legislation envisaged under Article 21-A, means that every child has a right to full time elementary education of satisfactory and equitable quality in a formal school which satisfies certain essential norms and standards.

Article 21-A and the RTE Act came into effect on 1 April 2010. The title of the RTE Act incorporates the words `free and compulsory`. `Free education` means that no child, other than a child who has been admitted by his or her parents to a school which is not supported by the appropriate Government, shall be liable to pay any kind of fee or charges or expenses which may prevent him or her from pursuing and completing elementary education. `Compulsory education` casts an obligation on the appropriate Government and local authorities to provide and ensure admission, attendance and completion of elementary education by all children in the 6-14 age group. With this, India has moved forward to a rights based framework that casts a legal obligation on the Central and State Governments to implement this fundamental child right as enshrined in the Article 21A of the Constitution, in accordance with the provisions of the RTE Act.

The RTE Act provides for the:

(i) Right of children to free and compulsory education till completion of elementary education in a neighbourhood school.

(ii) It clarifies that `compulsory education` means obligation of the appropriate government to provide free elementary education and ensure compulsory admission, attendance and completion of elementary education to every child in the six to fourteen age group. `Free` means that no child shall be liable to pay any kind of fee or charges or expenses which may prevent him or her from pursuing and completing elementary education.

(iii) It makes provisions for a non-admitted child to be admitted to an age appropriate class.

(iv) It specifies the duties and responsibilities of appropriate Governments, local authority and parents in providing free and compulsory education, and sharing of financial and other responsibilities between the Central and State Governments.

(v) It lays down the norms and standards relating inter alia to Pupil Teacher Ratios (PTRs), buildings and infrastructure, school-working days, teacher-working hours.

(vi) It provides for rational deployment of teachers by ensuring that the specified pupil teacher ratio is maintained for each school, rather than just as an average for the State or District or Block, thus ensuring that there is no urban-rural imbalance in teacher postings. It also provides for prohibition of deployment of teachers for non-educational work, other than decennial census, elections to local authority, state legislatures and parliament, and disaster relief.

(vii) It provides for appointment of appropriately trained teachers, i.e. teachers with the requisite entry and academic qualifications.

(viii) It prohibits (a) physical punishment and mental harassment; (b) screening procedures for admission of children; (c) capitation fee; (d) private tuition by teachers and (e) running of schools without recognition,

(ix) It provides for development of curriculum in consonance with the values enshrined in the Constitution, and which would ensure the all-round development of the child, building on the child`s knowledge, potentiality and talent and making the child free of fear, trauma and anxiety through a system of child friendly and child centred learning.

Important Links:

Central Board of Secondary Education
2 Community Centre, Preet Vihar New Delhi - 110092

National Council for Educational Research and Training (NCERT)
Sri Aurbindo Marg New Delhi - 1100162

National Institute of Open Schooling (NIOS)
A-24/25, Institutional Area Sector - 62 NOIDA-201309 Uttar Pradesh

Central Tibetan School Administration (CTSA)
Plot No. 1, Community Centre Sector-3, Rohini Delhi - 110085

Navodaya Vidyalaya Samiti (NVS)
A-28, Kailash Colony New Delhi - 110048 Sector-3, Rohini Delhi - 110085

Kendriya Vidyalaya Sangathan (KVS)
18 - Shaheed Jeet Singh Marg New Delhi - 110016

Central Institute of Education Technology (CIET)
NCERT Campus Sri Aurbindo Marg New Delhi - 110016

National Bal Bhawan
Kotla Road, New Delhi-110002



shOObh theme of the year 2014 is JOY.
Human welfare through creative means is at the core of shOObh group. Our programs are designed to educate the people on issues that concern humanity. Keeping with this vision, we are proud to organize shOObh Arts Competition-2014

2013 - shOObh theme of the year 2013 is WATER. Water is beautiful and we want people to love water, because when you adore something you tend to take care of it more. An all India contests open to participation of school children and teachers.

2012 - Theme: “Be the change you want to see in the world”- Gandhi in association with Gandhi Peace Foundation and supported by ONGC. For details logon to

2011 – Theme ”People `n` Animal” in association with PETA. The project aimed to introduce animal welfare in schools through extra curricular activity. The larger goal of the campaign was to lay down the seeds of compassion and kindness in early years of personality formation of a child. For details logon to

2010 –Theme “My dream sport” in sync with CWC. The Competition was billed as the largest in Asia (TOI, HT, PTI, USA Today, Qatar Tribune etc.). For details logon to


do you have a camera…do you have a photographic memory that was never developed….a scene…you feel is profound, beautiful or simply comical.. JUST CLICK & submit it to us…..The rest, as they say, will go down in history….So, if you think you are good at photography & want to prove it, just come to this event.

NIOS Konnect

NIOS Konnect is an official platform Of NIOS students, By NIOS students, For NIOS students.
{a shOObh Group initiative}

Members of the NIOS Konnect (that`s you) – Staff, Students and Alumni – are scattered across the globe & our online content reaches just as wide. The NIOS Konnect has a huge presence online and we`re keen to build a relationship with you in the spaces you`re already comfortable with, as well as trying out new spaces together.
You`ve got a Facebook profile right? So have we! Join us here and find out what students & non-students alike are saying about their NIOS experience. You may also join few online apps… shortly.

About NIOS:

The National Institute of Open Schooling (NIOS) formerly known as National Open School (NOS) was established in November,1989 as an autonomous organisation in pursuance of National Policy on Education 1986 by the Ministry of Human Resource Development (MHRD), Government of India. NIOS is providing a number of Vocational, Life Enrichment and community oriented courses besides General and Academic Courses at Secondary and Senior Secondary level.

Vision : Sustainable inclusive learning with universal and flexible access to quality school education and skill development.

Mission : (i).Providing relevant, continuing and holistic education up to pre-degree level through Open and Distance Learning System. (ii). Contributing to the Universalisation of School Education. (iii). Catering to the educational needs of the prioritized target groups for equity and social justice

About shOObh:

shOObh Group Welfare Society is a non profit community based organization registered under societies registration act xxi of 1860 working in the field of community-service and action, education, health, personal growth and improvement, social welfare and self-help for the disadvantaged. Our programs are designed to educate people on human welfare issues. In all of shOObh Group projects different art forms are used to convey the message. shoobh Group has worked on different social issues.

Right to Education
Education Policy
History of Education in India
Inclusive education
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