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Inclusive education

Inclusion is

• a philosophy built on the belief that all people are equal and should be respected and valued, as an issue of basic human rights.

• an ""unending set of processes"" in which children and adults with disabilities have the opportunity to participate fully in ALL community activities offered to people who do not have disabilities.

(UNESCO - at the UN-Committee on Rights of the Child, October 6, 1997 - Centre for Human Rights, Geneva)

Under PIED, there has been a significant increase in the number of not only mildly disabled, but also severely disabled children, with the number of orthopaedically handicapped children far outstripping other disabled children. All these perform at par with non - disabled children; in fact their retention rate is higher than that of non - disabled children and absenteeism is low. PIED has also had a positive impact on the attitudes of the teachers, the heads of schools, as well as parents and the community in general. Also, the interaction between the disabled and the non - disabled children is good.

Inclusive Education

Another important paradigm shift in this area was initiated with the thinking that any difficulty that a child exhibited in learning was to be attributed not to a problem within the child, but to the school system. The organisation and management of schools, and the various programmes of teaching and interventions could also be one of the causes of children`s learning difficulties.

The new whole school policy is also referred to as the social or environmental model and rests on the theory that the child is a product of his/her experiences and the interventions the child has with various environments that impinge upon him/her. Thus to a great extent a child`s growth and development depends upon this.

Inclusion means

• educating children with disabilities in the schools they would attend if they did not have disabilities
• providing services and support that parents and children with disabilities need in order to be in normal settings
• supporting regular education teachers and administrators
• having children with disabilities follow the same schedule as other children
• encouraging friendships between children with disabilities and their classmates/peers without disabilities
• teachers and administrators taking these concerns seriously
• teaching ALL children to understand and accept differences
(UNESCO - at the UN-Committee on Rights of the Child October 6, 1997 - Centre for Human Rights, Geneva)

Towards Inclusive Education

For over a century, the prevalent model for offering education to children with special needs has been the special school. This system had major drawbacks – it is expensive and has only limited reach. Moreover, segregating children based on disability was discriminatory and violation of the human rights. Subsequently, the philosophy of `integration` emerged which advocated education of children with mild and moderate disabilities in general schools along with others with adequate resource support. But children under integration method were still treated separately in schools and integration or mainstreaming was only partial.

This led to the emergence of the new concept called Inclusive Education (IE) which argues that all children irrespective of the nature and degree of the disability should be educated in general schools with normal children. More and more experts in special needs education are now advocating inclusive education not only on educational grounds but also on social and moral grounds. Inclusive education is all about making classrooms responsive to the needs of the learner. It stresses on child centered pedagogy using peer tutoring, co-operative learning and group learning.

Inclusive education has been introduced in the schools in the project areas of DPEP on a limited scale. Success of IE depends on teachers and good classroom practices. A beginning has been made in this area, but a lot more has to be done. Inclusive education may be the mantra to provide education to all children with special needs in the country. Then only the country will be able to achieve the elusive goal of Universal Elementary Education (UEE).

*The feature is being released to coincide with World Disabled Day on December 03, 2000 .

What do you mean by inclusive education ?

Three types of school

1. Don`t come to me, I am not for you.

2. Come, but you change, I won`t.

3. Welcome! I change to respond to you all

Which one is an inclusive school?
Think...and, we meet again may be in your inclusive school !



shOObh theme of the year 2014 is JOY.
Human welfare through creative means is at the core of shOObh group. Our programs are designed to educate the people on issues that concern humanity. Keeping with this vision, we are proud to organize shOObh Arts Competition-2014

2013 - shOObh theme of the year 2013 is WATER. Water is beautiful and we want people to love water, because when you adore something you tend to take care of it more. An all India contests open to participation of school children and teachers.

2012 - Theme: “Be the change you want to see in the world”- Gandhi in association with Gandhi Peace Foundation and supported by ONGC. For details logon to

2011 – Theme ”People `n` Animal” in association with PETA. The project aimed to introduce animal welfare in schools through extra curricular activity. The larger goal of the campaign was to lay down the seeds of compassion and kindness in early years of personality formation of a child. For details logon to

2010 –Theme “My dream sport” in sync with CWC. The Competition was billed as the largest in Asia (TOI, HT, PTI, USA Today, Qatar Tribune etc.). For details logon to


do you have a camera…do you have a photographic memory that was never developed….a scene…you feel is profound, beautiful or simply comical.. JUST CLICK & submit it to us…..The rest, as they say, will go down in history….So, if you think you are good at photography & want to prove it, just come to this event.

NIOS Konnect

NIOS Konnect is an official platform Of NIOS students, By NIOS students, For NIOS students.
{a shOObh Group initiative}

Members of the NIOS Konnect (that`s you) – Staff, Students and Alumni – are scattered across the globe & our online content reaches just as wide. The NIOS Konnect has a huge presence online and we`re keen to build a relationship with you in the spaces you`re already comfortable with, as well as trying out new spaces together.
You`ve got a Facebook profile right? So have we! Join us here and find out what students & non-students alike are saying about their NIOS experience. You may also join few online apps… shortly.

About NIOS:

The National Institute of Open Schooling (NIOS) formerly known as National Open School (NOS) was established in November,1989 as an autonomous organisation in pursuance of National Policy on Education 1986 by the Ministry of Human Resource Development (MHRD), Government of India. NIOS is providing a number of Vocational, Life Enrichment and community oriented courses besides General and Academic Courses at Secondary and Senior Secondary level.

Vision : Sustainable inclusive learning with universal and flexible access to quality school education and skill development.

Mission : (i).Providing relevant, continuing and holistic education up to pre-degree level through Open and Distance Learning System. (ii). Contributing to the Universalisation of School Education. (iii). Catering to the educational needs of the prioritized target groups for equity and social justice

About shOObh:

shOObh Group Welfare Society is a non profit community based organization registered under societies registration act xxi of 1860 working in the field of community-service and action, education, health, personal growth and improvement, social welfare and self-help for the disadvantaged. Our programs are designed to educate people on human welfare issues. In all of shOObh Group projects different art forms are used to convey the message. shoobh Group has worked on different social issues.

Right to Education
Education Policy
History of Education in India
Inclusive education
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